Credit Card Debt Declines Again
The Federal Reserve released a monthly report on Wednesday that shows credit card debt continues to decrease at a significant rate.
Revolving credit, which is primarily credit card usage, fell for the 17th consecutive month in February, declining at an annual rate of 13.1%. The $858.1 billion in revolving credit represents a $100 billion decrease since the fourth quarter of 2008.
Consumers seem to be taking some steps to reduce their credit card debt, some of it out of necessity, some voluntarily. Cash and debit cards are being used more often, and charging less on their credit card is possibly due to the APR increases they have seen. Significant actions by the issuers have also contributed to this decrease.
Nearly 42% of consumers are using more cash than they were a year ago, according to a survey by the consulting firm Market Strategies International. A study by BIG Research in January showed that 30.5% of the respondents said they would pay with cash more often, up from 23.0% a year earlier.
Debit card usage is increasing. According to their annual reports, MasterCard’s debit card usage in this country increased 10.5% in the fourth quarter of 2009 versus year ago levels, while Visa reported a 17% increase.
But the actions of issuers have also helped decrease credit card debt.
To protect themselves from future risk, credit card issuers have closed accounts, cut the credit limits on millions of customers, and have become much more selective on which customers receive approval on a credit card.
There are signs that steps taken by issuers to reduce risk may be working. Bank card defaults fell to 4.39% in the fourth quarter from 4.77% in the prior quarter, according to a report released this week by the American Bankers Association.
The drop in defaults is not by accident. In a recent letter to shareholders, Jamie Dimon, CEO of JP Morgan Chase, said, “the industry as a whole reduced limits from a peak of $4.7 trillion to $3.3 trillion. While we believe this was proper action to protect both consumers and card issuers, doing so in the midst of a recession did reduce a source of liquidity for some people.
Ultimately, however, the change may make the card business a more stable and better business.”
He also said that in the future, Chase will have to reduce risk in light of the new regulations and they will “no longer be offering credit cards to approximately 15% of the customers to whom we currently offer them.”
He admitted that Chase reduced limits on credit lines and canceled credit cards for customers who had not done business with Chase over an extended period.
Link to Jamie Dimon’s letter to JP Morgan Chase shareholders:
Link to the latest Federal Reserve Consumer Credit statistics: